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As he himself summed up the matter, he taught "publicly, and from house to house, testifying both to Jews and Gentiles penance towards God, and faith in [ (3) The materials for describing the catechetical teaching of the ages immediately succeeding the Apostles are scanty.
The books of the New Testament were available, and all that would be needed would be to supplement these.
At first he was treated as an inquirer, and only the fundamental doctrines were communicated to him.
As soon as he had given proof of his knowledge and fitness he was admitted to the catechumenate proper, and was further instructed.
Luke's Gospel: "That thou mayest know the verity of those things in which thou hast been instructed" (] him, in all good things" (Galatians 6:6).
Hence the word, with its technical meaning of oral religious instruction, passed into ecclesiastical use, and is applied both to the act of instructing and the subject-matter of the instruction.
During the week after Easter, while the grace of first fervour was still upon him, the various rites and mysteries in which he had just participated were more fully explained to him. In the first of these, called the "Procatechesis", he sets forth the greatness and efficacy of the grace of initiation into the Church.
In considering the catechetical writings of the Fathers we must bear in mind the distinction of these different grades. The "Catecheses" proper (numbered i to xviii) are divided into two groups: i-v, repeating the leading ideas of the "Procatechesis", and treating of sin and repentance, baptism, the principal doctrines of the Christian religion, and the nature and origin of faith; vi-xviii, setting forth, article by article, the baptismal Creed of the Church of Jerusalem.
If anyone was moved to embrace the true religion, he was not at once admitted, as in the days of the Apostles.The Socratic dialogues will occur to every one as brilliant examples.But many centuries before Socrates' day this method was practised among the Hebrews (Exodus ; Deuteronomy 6:7, 20, etc.). In His final charge to His Apostles He said: ", "instructing"] them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you" (Matthew ).Him God raised up the third day, and gave him to be made manifest . To him all the prophets give testimony, that by his name all receive remission of sins, who believe in him" (Acts 10).In this discourse we have the chief articles of the Creed: the Trinity (God, Jesus Christ "Lord of all things", the Holy Ghost), the Crucifixion, Death, and Resurrection of Our Lord; His coming to judge the living and the dead, and the remission of sins. Paul's discourses, though, of course, in addressing the pagans, whether peasants at Lystra or philosophers at Athens, he deals with the fundamental truths of the existence and attributes of God (Acts, xiii, xiv, xvii).