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General View

This range is one of the most important pilgrimage centres for Jains. They call it Sammed Sikharji. The hill is named after Parasnath, the 23rd Tirthankara. Twenty of the twenty four Jain Tirthankaras attained salvation on this hill.. According to some, nine Tirthakaras attained salvation on this hill. For each of them there is a shrine (gumti or tuk) on the hill. Some of the temples on the hill are believed to be more than 2,000 years old.. However, although the place is habited from ancient times, the temples may be of more recent origin..

About 50,000 Jain pilgrims visit Sammed Shikharji every year.. The Santhals call it Marang Buru, the hill of the deity. They celebrate a hunting festival on the full moon day in Baisakh (mid April)..

General Info

Shikharji,, Giridih district, Jharkhand, India, is a Jain pilgrimage site, believed to be the place where many of the Tirthankaras attained Nirvana..

What To See

31st Tonk of Bhagwan Shri Parshavnath.. 30th Tonk of Bhagwan Shri Neminath.. 29th Tonk of Bhagwan Shri Ajitnath.. 17th Tonk of Bhagwan Shri Vasupujya.. 18th Tonk of Bhagwan Shri Abhinandanath.. 12th Tonk of Bhagwan Shri Chandrahprabhu.. Tonks of 24 Jain Tirthankaras.. Jain History Museum. It houses a number of Jain scriptures, idols and manuscript. One can view the clear sight of Parasnath Temple using the telescope installed at the balcony of the museum.. Jain temples - Samosharan temple and Bhomiyaji Asthan are two very famous Jain temples..

Note; Enlarge (+) the attached map to view a particular area in more detail..

What To Do

Engage in religious activities.. Climb the hill. There is a road going up for some distance.. Panoramic views of the surrounding areas as one goes higher up the hill - Chandraprabhuji, Pushpnandanji, Goutamswamiji and Chaprakund.. Madhuban is a popular picnic spot. BUT IT IS A SACRED PLACE FOR JAINS ALL OVER THE WORLD, HENCE THERE IS RESTRICTION FOR NON VEG AND ALCOHOL.

How To Get In

Best time to visit is from October to March when the weather is pleasant.. Parasnath Hill is on Grand Trunk Road NH 2. The nearby place for reaching Parasnath is Ranchi 190 KM, Bokaro 40 KM, Jhumri Tileya 80 km Dhanbad 60 KM and Hazaribagh 80 km. Parashnath station on the Howrah Delhi grand chord line is the base for a visit to Parashnath. The adjacent town is called Isri or Isri Bazar. It has got some Jain dharmashalas. There is a Dak Bungalow at Dumri about a mile from the station.. There is small station at Nimiaghat from where also Parasnath Hill is accessible, but the said route is not the popular one, people only travel by this route once a year..

Best is to take 36 seat bus / rental car from Isri Bazar for Madhuban and the metalled trek route of 9 km to Shikharji (Parashnath).. Parasnath - one passenger train in the evening is available for Dhanbad.. Almost all the major trains running on The Grand Chord line (Delhi to Kolkata) stop at Parasnath station. These include New Delhi - Kolkata Rajdhani Express, Puri - New Delhi Purushottam Express, Mumbai - Howrah Mail, Ahmedabad Asansol Parasnath Express.. In view of the tourist volume, Parasnath station has been built as a model station by Indian Railways..

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What To Do

Engage in religious activities.. Climb the hill. There is a road going up for some distance.. Panoramic views of the surrounding areas as one goes higher up the hill - Chandraprabhuji, Pushpnandanji, Goutamswamiji and Chaprakund.. Madhuban is a popular picnic spot. BUT IT IS A SACRED PLACE FOR JAINS ALL OVER THE WORLD, HENCE THERE IS RESTRICTION FOR NON VEG AND ALCOHOL.

How To Get In

Best time to visit is from October to March when the weather is pleasant.. Parasnath Hill is on Grand Trunk Road NH 2. The nearby place for reaching Parasnath is Ranchi 190 KM, Bokaro 40 KM, Jhumri Tileya 80 km Dhanbad 60 KM and Hazaribagh 80 km. Parashnath station on the Howrah Delhi grand chord line is the base for a visit to Parashnath. The adjacent town is called Isri or Isri Bazar. It has got some Jain dharmashalas. There is a Dak Bungalow at Dumri about a mile from the station.. There is small station at Nimiaghat from where also Parasnath Hill is accessible, but the said route is not the popular one, people only travel by this route once a year..

Best is to take 36 seat bus / rental car from Isri Bazar for Madhuban and the metalled trek route of 9 km to Shikharji (Parashnath).. Parasnath - one passenger train in the evening is available for Dhanbad.. Almost all the major trains running on The Grand Chord line (Delhi to Kolkata) stop at Parasnath station. These include New Delhi - Kolkata Rajdhani Express, Puri - New Delhi Purushottam Express, Mumbai - Howrah Mail, Ahmedabad Asansol Parasnath Express.. In view of the tourist volume, Parasnath station has been built as a model station by Indian Railways..

How To Get Around

The summit of Parasnath Hill can be reached either from the southern or the northern side. There are two recognized routes to Parasnath Hill.. The southern approach is from Isri Bazaar, to the top, is motorable for about 2 km, the rest being a climb of 8 km.. The northern approach is a 13 km route from Madhuban village on the Dumri Giridih road. Madhuban is about 40 km from Giridih and about 10 km from Parasnath rail station / Isri Bazaar / Dumri, all on Grand Trunk Road (NH 2).. Buses ply along this route from Dumri to Giridih and stop at Madhuban village. Hired cars or taxis are available at Isri Bazar, just outside the rail station. There are a number of Jain temples at Madhuban..

After 3.5 km from Madhuban there is a stream called Gandharva nala and further up there is another stream Sita nala. The Jains hold the portion from Gandharva nala up to the summit as very sacred.. It is easier to reach Parasnath from its northern side.. Ponies and dandis for the climb can be arranged at short notice. Jeeps and such power driven vehicles can be hired to carry visitors for a considerable distance up the hill. Thereafter they have to walk.. Note; The attached map is slightly erroneous. Dumri is wrongly shown, so is the road from Dumri. Dumri is where the Forest Rest House is marked..

What To Eat

There are small eateries, where vegetarian food is available..

Options For Drink

Hard drinks strictly prohibited..

Where To Sleep

The Jains have provided rest houses at the foot of the hill at Madhuban. The food is strictly vegetarian at these places. Non vegetarian food, even if brought from outside is not allowed.. Bharatbarshiya Digambar Jain Tirthakshetra Committee, ☎ + 91 6558 232270 (Office), + 91 6558 232265 (Yatriniwas). This is speacially for Jains who do the parikrama of " 6 miles uphill, 6 miles parikrama and 6 miles downhill ".. For the food in the evening one has to reach Dak Bunglow by 4; 30PM. Food is served to only the pilgrims with staying permission. Hot water is avaiable from early in the morning till 8AM Dormitory; Rs..

Shri Digambar Jain Siddhakshetra, ☎ Beespanthi Kothi; + 91 6558 232228FORMATNOCC, 232209NOCC, 232361 Terapanthi Kothi; + 91 6558 232231FORMATNOCC, 232292NOCC.. Niharika Dharmasala, ☎ 09431366638NOCC. Five storeyed building with modern amenities.. Shaswat Bhawan (Shri Digambar Jain Shaswat Tirtharaj Sammesikhar Trust), Kund Kund Marg, Madhuban, ☎ + 91 6558 232378, 232314NOCC.. Uttar Pradesh Prakash Bhawan, Kund Kund Marg, Madhuban, ☎ + 91 6558-232366, 232367NOCC, 232371NOCC, 99393 24747NOCC, e-mail; info@shikharjiup. org. Rs. 200-800..

Jain Swetambar Kothi, ☎ + 91 6558 232226, 232260NOCC.. Kachhi Bhawan, ☎ + 91 6558 232225, 232308NOCC.. Bhomiya Bhawan, ☎ + 91 6558 232203.. Madhya Sodh Sansthan, ☎ + 91 6558 232257.. Tyagi Varti Ashram, ☎ + 91 6558 232261.. Triyog Ashram, ☎ + 91 6558 232252.. Hotel Sapna, Madhuban, ☎ + 91 6558 232234, 9431387272NOCC. AC Double Rs. 800, Non AC single Rs. 100.. Shikharjii Continental, Madhuban, ☎ + 91 6558 232429.. Hotel Bhuvan, GT Road, Isri Bazar (Near Parashnath railway station), ☎ + 91 6558 233 324..

Forest Rest House, GT Road, Dumri..

Where To Go Next

Giridih - about 46 km from Isri. Dhanbad - about 50 km from Isri. Topchanchi - about 15 km from Isri. See Dhanbad for details. Bodhgaya - about 150 km from Isri. Kolkata - about 320 km from Isri.

History

The earliest reference to Shikharji as a tirth is found in the Jtdhrmaktha, one of the twelve core texts of Jainism at Shikharji, Mallintha, the nineteenth Jina practiced samadhi. Shikharji is also mentioned in the Prvanthacarita, a twelfth century biography of Prva.. The popularity of Shikharji as a site of pilgrimage followed that of Vulture Peak, Bihr, where it is believed Sariputra attained enlightenment.. Bihar state acquired Shikharji under the Bihar Land Reforms Act leaving the rights of Jains in doubt. Use of Shikharji as a tourist destination also impacts on the religious beliefs of the Jain. Sports such as paragliding and parasailing may take place at Shikharji..

Transport

Nearest railway station named " Parasnath Station " is situated in Isri bazar, Dumri Jharkhand. Its around 25km from Madhuban. Parasnath station is situated on Delhi Howrah Grand Chord via Kanpur, Allahbad, Mugalsarai, Gaya, Asansol.. Many long distance have halt at Parasnath Station. Daily connectivities to Mumbai, Delhi, Jaipur, Ajmer, Kolkata, Patna, Allahbad, Kanpur, Jammutavi, Amritsar, Kalka etc are available.. Even 12301-12302 Howrah Rajdhani Express via Gaya Junction has a halt on Parasnath sttaion which run 6days in a week..

By Airway; Nearest airport is Ranchi and 4 hour drive from Ranchi airport.

Geography

Shikarji is located in an inland part of rural east India. It lies on AH 1, the Delhi Kolkata highway in a section called the Grand Trunk road. Shikharji rises to 4,429 feet making it the highest mountain in Jharkhand state..

Temples

The temple at Shikharji is a new construction with some parts dating to the eighteenth century. However, the idol itself is very old. Sanskrit inscriptions at the foot of the image date to 1678 AD.. At the base of Shikharji is a temple to Bhomiyaji. On the walls of the Jain Temple at the village of Madhuban, there is a mural painting depicting all the temples on Parasnath Hill.. Temples along the track include,.

Etymology

Shikharji means venerable peak. The site is also called Sammed ikhar or Sammet Shikhar, meaning the peak of concentration because it is a place where twenty of twenty four Tirthankaras attained a state of moka through meditative concentration.. The word Parasnath is derived from Prva, the twenty third Tirthankara to attain nirvana at the site..

Approach

The pilgrimage to Shikharji is a round trip of 27 kilometre through the Madhuban forest. The section from Gandharva Nala stream to the summit is the most sacred to Jains. The pilgrimage is made on foot or by a doli ' carried by a doli wallah along a concrete paved track.. Along the track are shrines to each of the twenty revered Tirthankaras and vendors of tea, coffee, water, fruits and snacks. There is a option for parikrama of whole Parasnath Hill of 54km.. The pathway of parikrama is throughout the forest and is only for walking..

Replicas

In Jainism, the building of replica temples is seen as auspicious and worthwhile. There is a small scale replica of Shakharji at Dadabari, New Delhi. A full size replica was opened on 13 August 2012 in the US..

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